Cognitive Radios (CRs) are designed to operate with minimal interference to the Primary User (PU), the incumbent to a radio spectrum band. To ensure that the interference generated does not exceed a specific level, an estimate of the Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) for the PU’s channel is required. This can be accomplished through determining the modulation scheme in use, as it is directly correlated with the SINR. To this end, an Automatic Modulation Classification (AMC) scheme is developed via cyclic feature detection that is successful even with signal bandwidths that exceed the sampling rate of the CR. In order to accomplish this, Compressed Sensing (CS) is applied, allowing for reconstruction, even with very few samples. The use of CS in spectrum sensing and interpretation is becoming necessary for a growing number of scenarios where the radio spectrum band of interest cannot be fully measured, such as low cost sensor networks, or high bandwidth radio localization services.
In order to be able to classify a wide range of modulation types, cumulants were chosen as the feature to use. They are robust to noise and provide adequate discrimination between different types of modulation, even those that are fairly similar, such as 16-QAM and 64-QAM. By fusing cumulants and CS, a novel method of classification was developed which inherited the noise resilience of cumulants, and the low sample requirements of CS. Comparisons are drawn between the proposed method and existing ones, both in terms of accuracy and resource usages. The proposed method is shown to perform similarly when many samples are gathered, and shows improvement over existing methods at lower sample counts. It also uses less resources, and is able to produce an estimate faster than the current systems.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Cognitive radio networks--Data processing; Modulation (Electronics)
Computer Engineering (MS)
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Panos P. Markopoulos
Ramsey, Andrew J., "Automatic Modulation Classification Using Cyclic Features via Compressed Sensing" (2018). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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