For many years ferroelectric memory has been used in applications requiring low power, yet mainstream adoption has been stifled due to integration and scaling issues. With the renewed interest in these devices due to the recent discovery of ferroelectricity in HfO2, it is imperative that the properties of these films are well understood. To aid that end, a ferroelectric analysis package has been developed and released on GitHub and PyPI under a creative commons non-commercial share-alike license. This package contains functions for visualization and analysis of data from polarization, leakage current, and FORC measurements as well as basic modeling capability. Functionality is verified via the analysis of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) capacitors, where a multi-domain simulation based on an experimental Preisach density shows decent agreement despite measurement noise. The package is then used in the analysis of ferroelectric HfO2 films deposited in metal-ferroelectric-metal (MFM) and metal-ferroelectric-insulator-semiconductor (MFIS) stacks. 13.5 nm HfO2 films deposited on a semiconductor surface are shown to have a coercive voltage of ~2.5 V, rather than the 1.9 V of the film in an MFM stack. This value further increases to 3-5 V when a lightly doped semiconductor depletion and inversion capacitance is added to the stack. The magnitude of this change is more than can be accounted for from the ~10% voltage drop across the interfacial oxide layer, indicating that the modified surface properties are impacting the formation of the ferroelectric phase during anneal. In light of this, care should be taken to map out ferroelectric HfO2 properties using the particular physical stack that will be used, rather than using an MFM stack as a proxy.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ferroelectric thin films--Measurement; Nonvolatile random-access memory--Materials
Microelectronic Engineering (MS)
Department, Program, or Center
Microelectronic Engineering (KGCOE)
Anderson, Jackson D., "Measurement of Ferroelectric Films in MFM and MFIS Structures" (2017). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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