Data-driven inference is widely encountered in various scientific domains to convert the observed measurements into information that cannot be directly observed about a system. Despite the quickly-developing sensor and imaging technologies, in many domains, data collection remains an expensive endeavor due to financial and physical constraints. To overcome the limits in data and to reduce the demand on expensive data collection, it is important to incorporate prior information in order to place the data-driven inference in a domain-relevant context and to improve its accuracy.
Two sources of assumptions have been used successfully in many inverse problem applications. One is the temporal dynamics of the system (dynamic structure). The other is the low-dimensional structure of a system (sparsity structure). In existing work, these two structures have often been explored separately, while in most high-dimensional dynamic system they are commonly co-existing and contain complementary information.
In this work, our main focus is to build a robustness inference framework to combine dynamic and sparsity constraints. The driving application in this work is a biomedical inverse problem of electrophysiological (EP) imaging, which noninvasively and quantitatively reconstruct transmural action potentials from body-surface voltage data with the goal to improve cardiac disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The general framework can be extended to a variety of applications that deal with the inference of high-dimensional dynamic systems.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Electrophysiology--Mathematics; Bayesian statistical decision theory; Three-dimensional imaging
Computing and Information Sciences (Ph.D.)
Department, Program, or Center
PhD Program in Computing and Information Sciences
Xu, Jingjia, "Bayesian Inference with Combined Dynamic and Sparsity Models: Application in 3D Electrophysiological Imaging" (2016). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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