This project investigates problem of gender equality in Kosovo’s labor market, in terms of analyzing the differences of women labor participation gap among public and private sector. The study will be focusing on the factors that influence women to choose working on the public over private sector. The main drive for this study comes from the long time critics towards the Law No.03/ L-212 on Labor (2011) as well as the data statistics of low capital owned by women. As a result, the project explores among others, whether this law and the lack of capital is the main driving component in this gender gap of labor participation in the public versus private sector. The research is based on qualitative research methods—primary and secondary research. Through secondary research (literature review) data were gathered from different evidence providers and decision makers such as Kosovo Agency of Statistics, Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, World Bank Database, and Kosovo Law on Labor to be used for analysis and comparison. For this report, primary research was conducted, as well. Three interviews and eighty-five questionnaires were carried out with evidence providers and decision makers in the field as well as women currently part of the labor force. The research findings show that both the law on labor and the lack of ownership (capital) by women have a significant effect on the gender gap in terms of public and private sector. In addition, the main challenges to gender equality among private and public sector were found to be the high costs companies face when their workers are on maternity leave, as well as a relatively high number of women being refused of loans due to their lack of capital. To improve the current situation, certain recommendations are provided. The first one is to adapt the Law on Labor in relation to other economic development factors such as childcare assistance, and impose paternity leave, so that this leave will not be a huge burden for private companies and that parents can share their duties towards their children. The two other last ones include the increase in capacities of women owned capital, as well as increased incentives towards their access to credit markets including here favorable level of interest rates for certain sectors.
Beqa, Anyla, "Factors Influencing Gender Gap Participation among the Private and Public Sectors of Kosovo" (2015). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from