With the increased complexity and continual scaling of integrated circuit performance, multi-core chips with dozens, hundreds, even thousands of parallel computing units require high performance interconnects to maximize data throughput and minimize latency and energy consumption. High core counts render bus based interconnects inefficient and lackluster in performance. Networks-on-Chip were introduced to simplify the interconnect design process and maintain a more scalable interconnection architecture. With the continual scaling of feature sizes for smaller and smaller transistors, the global interconnections of planar integrated circuits are consuming higher energy proportional to the rest of the chip power dissipation as well as increasing communication delays. Three-dimensional integrated circuits were introduced to shorten global wire lengths and increase chip connectivity. These 3D ICs bring heat dissipation challenges as the power density increases drastically for each additional chip layer. One of the most popularly researched vertical interconnection technologies is through-silicon vias (TSVs). TSVs require additional manufacturing steps to build but generally have low energy dissipation and good performance. Alternative wireless technologies such as capacitive or inductive coupling do not require additional manufacturing steps and also provide the option of having a liquid cooling layer between planar chips. They are typically much slower and consume more energy than their wired counterparts, however. This work compares the interconnection technologies across several different NoC architectures including a proposed sparse 3D mesh for inductive coupling that increases vertical throughput per link and reduces chip area compared to the other wireless architectures and technologies.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Networks on a chip--Energy conservation; Three-dimensional integrated circuits--Cooling
Computer Engineering (MS)
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Coddington, James David, "Performance and Energy Trade-offs for 3D IC NoC Interconnects and Architectures" (2015). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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