Optical interconnects offer advantages over electrical interconnects such as higher bandwidth, low power, reduced interconnects delay, and immunity to electro-magnetic interference and signal crosstalk. However, in order for optical interconnects to be widely adopted, the technology must be made cost effective and must be simple to implement with CMOS electronics. Silicon photonics offers a great promise due to its inexpensive material and its compatibility with the current CMOS fabrication technology. Moreover, Silicon as a platform has the ability to integrate with different types of the optical components such as photodetector, modulator, light source, and waveguide to form a photonics integrated circuit.
The goal of this work is to develop and fabricate devices that utilize a hybrid electronic-photonic integration to enable high performance optoelectronic computing and communication systems that overcome the barriers of electronics and dramatically enhance the performance of circuits and systems. We experimentally demonstrate a novel broadband optical time division multiplexer (OTDM) on a silicon chip. The system has a footprint× 700 micrometer and is inherently broadband with a bandwidth of over 100nm making it suitable for high-speed optical networks on chip. Also, we propose and fabricate a novel design to demultiplex the high bit rates of OTDM data using two differentially operated 5Gb/s modulators. Moreover, we propose a high-speed hybrid optical-time-division-multiplexing (OTDM) and wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) system that seamlessly generates high bit-rate data (>200Gbit/s) from a low speed (5Gbit/s) quantum-dot mode locked laser pulse source. By utilizing time and wavelength domains, the proposed design is a promising solution for high-speed, compact and low-power consumption optical networks on chip. And finally, we experimentally demonstrate a robust, low insertion loss, compact Silicon ring resonator electro-optic modulator for Binary Phase Shift Key (BPSK) coding/decoding that encodes data in the phase of light. Our design improves significantly over recently demonstrated PSK modulator designs in terms of insertion loss and stability.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Optical interconnects; Nanophotonics; Networks on a chip--Design and construction
Microsystems Engineering (Ph.D.)
Department, Program, or Center
Microsystems Engineering (KGCOE)
Stefan F. Preble
Sohail A. Dianat
Aboketaf, Abdelsalam A., "High-speed and Robust Integrated Silicon Nanophotonics for On-Chip Interconnects" (2014). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
RIT – Main Campus
Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at TK5105.546 .A36 2014