Continued scaling of device geometries according to Moore's Law is enabling complete end-user systems on a single chip. Massive multicore processors are enablers for many information and communication technology (ICT) innovations spanning various domains, including healthcare, defense, and entertainment. In the design of high-performance massive multicore chips, power and heat are dominant constraints. Temperature hotspots witnessed in multicore systems exacerbate the problem of reliability in deep submicron technologies. Hence, there is a great need to explore holistic power and thermal optimization and management strategies for the massive multicore chips. High power consumption not only raises chip temperature and cooling cost, but also decreases chip reliability and performance. Thus, addressing thermal concerns at different stages of the design and operation is critical to the success of future generation systems. The performance of a multicore chip is also influenced by its overall communication infrastructure, which is predominantly a Network-on-Chip (NoC). The existing method of implementing a NoC with planar metal interconnects is deficient due to high latency, significant power consumption, and temperature hotspots arising out of long, multi-hop wireline links used in data exchange. On-chip wireless networks are envisioned as an enabling technology to design low power and high bandwidth massive multicore architectures. However, optimizing wireless NoCs for best performance does not necessarily guarantee a thermally optimal interconnection architecture. The wireless links being highly efficient attract very high traffic densities which in turn results in temperature hotspots. Therefore, while the wireless links result in better performance and energy-efficiency, they can also cause temperature hotspots and undermine the reliability of the system. Consequently, the location and utilization of the wireless links is an important factor in thermal optimization of high performance wireless Networks-on-Chip. Architectural innovation in conjunction with suitable power and thermal management strategies is the key for designing high performance yet energy-efficient massive multicore chips. This work contributes to exploration of various the design methodologies for establishing wireless NoC architectures that achieve the best trade-offs between temperature, performance and energy-efficiency. It further demonstrates that incorporating Dynamic Thermal Management (DTM) on a multicore chip designed with such temperature and performance optimized Wireless Network-on-Chip architectures improves thermal profile while simultaneously providing lower latency and reduced network energy dissipation compared to its conventional counterparts.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Networks on a chip--Design and construction; Multiprocessors--Design and construction; Interconnects (Integrated circuit technology)--Thermal properties
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Nerurkar, Nishad, "Evaluation of temperature-performance trade-offs in wireless network-on-chip architectures" (2013). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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