Traditional Network-on-Chip (NoC) systems comprised of many cores suffer from debilitating bottlenecks of latency and significant power dissipation due to the overhead inherent in multi-hop communication. In addition, these systems remain vulnerable to malicious circuitry incorporated into the design by untrustworthy vendors in a world where complex multi-stage design and manufacturing processes require the collective specialized services of a variety of contractors. This thesis proposes a novel small-world tree-based network-on-chip (SWTNoC) structure designed for high throughput, acceptable energy consumption, and resiliency to attacks and node failures resulting from the insertion of hardware Trojans. This tree-based implementation was devised as a means of reducing average network hop count, providing a large degree of local connectivity, and effective long-range connectivity by means of a novel wireless link approach based on carbon nanotube (CNT) antenna design. Network resiliency is achieved by means of a devised adaptive routing algorithm implemented to work with TRAIN (Tree-based Routing Architecture for Irregular Networks). Comparisons are drawn with benchmark architectures with optimized wireless link placement by means of the simulated annealing (SA) metaheuristic. Experimental results demonstrate a 21% throughput improvement and a 23% reduction in dissipated energy per packet over the closest competing architecture. Similar trends are observed at increasing system sizes. In addition, the SWTNoC maintains this throughput and energy advantage in the presence of a fault introduced into the system. By designing a hierarchical topology and designating a higher level of importance on a subset of the nodes, much higher network throughput can be attained while simultaneously guaranteeing deadlock freedom as well as a high degree of resiliency and fault-tolerance.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Networks on a chip--Design and construction; Networks on a chip--Security measures; Computer systems--Energy conservation
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Benjamin, Andrew, "Tree-structured small-world connected wireless network-on-chip with adaptive routing" (2013). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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