It is widely recognized that children with special needs require considerably more help in and out of the classroom in order to achieve access equal to that of children without special needs. A series of laws in the United States has been established to focus on the needs of special needs children (for example: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - IDEA - of 1990),and these laws have a significant impact on children who are deaf or hard of hearing (hereafter, deaf). The IDEA (P.L. 101-476& 105-17), for example, has opened the way for public education programs providing free and appropriate schooling in the "least restrictive environment" (Meadow-Orlans, 2001).
Department, Program, or Center
Master of Science of Secondary Education of Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (NTID)
Groves, Katherine, "Perspectives of appropriate educational support services for non-English speaking families of deaf and hard of hearing children: the ideal and the real "A Literature Review"" (2005). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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