This study is a spelling recall task. Stimulus words will be presented in three conditions - fingerspelling, sign and print. All subjects will encounter all three lists, presented serially, with brief pauses in between. Each list will comprise 18 words. In order to control for the familiarity effect, no word will be included in more than one list. Students will be instructed to write down the word they see. Data will be analyzed to determine whether or not "poor" readers evidence a different spelling error "profile" than "good readers." Spelling performance will also be correlated with Digit Span (OS) and Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) performance in an effort to determine whether any relationships exist.
Secondary Education of Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (MS)
Post, Susan, "Identifying characteristics of deaf poor readers" (2003). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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