Network-on-chip (NoC) has emerged as an enabling platform for connecting hundreds of cores on a single chip, allowing for a structured, scalable system when compared to traditional on-chip buses. However, the multi-hop wireline paths in traditional NoCs result in high latency and energy dissipation causing an overall degradation in performance, especially for increasing system size. To alleviate this problem a few radically different interconnect technologies are envisioned. One such method of interconnecting different cores in NoCs is photonic interconnects. Photonic NoCs are on-chip communications networks in which information is transmitted in the form of optical signals. Photonic interconnection is one of the leading examples of emerging technology for on-chip interconnects. Existing innovative photonic NoC architectures have improved performance and reduced energy dissipation. Most architectures use Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) on the photonic waveguides to increase the data bandwidth. However they have issues relating to reliability, such as waveguide losses and adjacent channel crosstalk. These phenomena could have a crippling effect on a system, and most current architectures do not address these effects. A newly proposed topology, known as the Multiple-Segmented Bus topology, or MSB, has shown promise for solving, or at least reducing, many of the problems plaguing the design of photonic networks using a modification of a folded torus to transmit different wavelength signals simultaneously. The MSB segments the waveguides into smaller parts to limit the waveguide losses. The formal performance evaluation of this proposed architecture has not been completed. This thesis will analyze the performance of such a network when implemented as a NoC in terms of data bandwidth, energy dissipation, latency, and reliability. By analyzing and comparing performance, energy dissipations, and reliability, the MSB-based photonic NoC (MSB-PNoC) can be compared to other state-of-the-art photonic NoCs to determine the feasibility of this topology for future network-on-chip designs.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Networks on a chip--Design and construction; Microcomputers--Buses
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Sieber, Patrick, "Reliability-aware multi-segmented bus architecture for photonic networks-on-chip" (2013). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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