Classroom communication apprehension (CA) affects roughly 70% of undergraduate college students (Bowers, 1986, p. 373). After a discussion of CA as a theory, a survey tool is presented to measure if there is a difference in the amount and type of CA experienced by deaf and hard-of-hearing college students when compared to their hearing peers. The survey includes McCroskey's PRCA-24 tool for measuring CA and several additional questions on how the presence of a sign language interpreter influences levels of classroom CA. The survey's 155 respondents report a statistically significant difference in the amount and type of CA experienced. Limitations and possibilities for future research are discussed.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Communication in education; Deaf college students--Means of communication; Interpreters for the deaf; Deaf college students--Psychology; Classroom environment--Social aspects; Interaction analysis in education
Department, Program, or Center
Department of Communication (CLA)
Williams, Jenna, "Opening doors or creating barriers?: The Influence of interpreters on levels of communication apprehension among deaf and hard-of-hearing students" (2011). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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