This thesis was a pragmatic exploration into die patination process of copper. Two particular process elements were researched; patina layering and manipulation of the environment in which patination occurs. The success of the process will be determined by the permanence, consistency, durability and aesthetic worth of the resulting patina. The primary process element, that of patina layering, was comprised of a hot immersion process followed by compatibility tests with a subsequent exposure to fumed, sprayed, and saturated suspension processes. Initial and subsequent surface preparations were required. Additionally the process element of environment and its effects, both visually and texturally on the metal being patinated, was explored. Environmental factors manipulated and introduced were comprised of, but not limited to, temperature and suspension/drying medium (sawdust, wood-chips, cat litter, rolling or chewing tobacco, marbles, steel slag, iron fillings, etc.). A body of work comprised of vessels, functional and non-functional, provided an outlet for exhibition of the resultant patinas.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Patina of metals; Copper--Coloring; Copper--Finishing; Copperwork
Department, Program, or Center
School for American Crafts (CIAS)
VanOstrand, Ronald, "The Layered patination of copper" (1999). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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