The first purpose of this thesis was to design and complete psychophysical experiments for scaling lightness and lightness differences for achromatic percepts above and below the lightness of diffuse white (L*=100). Below diffuse white experiments were conducted under reference conditions recommended by CIE for color difference research. Overall a range of CIELAB lightness values from 7 to 183 was investigated. Psychophysical techniques of partition scaling and constant stimuli were applied for scaling lightness perception and differences, respectively. The results indicate that the existing L* and CIEDE2000-weighting functions approximately predict the trends, but don't well fit the visual data. Hence, three optimized functions are proposed, including a lightness function, a lightness-difference weighting function for the wide range, and a lightness-difference weighting function for the range below diffuse white. The second purpose of this thesis was to modify the color spaces for high-dynamic-range scenes and images. Traditional color spaces have been widely used in a variety of applications including digital color imaging, color image quality, and color management. These spaces, however, were designed for the domain of color stimuli typically encountered with reflecting objects and image displays of such objects. This means the domain of stimuli with luminance levels from slightly above zero to that of a perfect diffuse white (or display white point). This limits the applicability of such spaces to color problems in high-dynamic-range (HDR) imaging. This is caused by their hard intercepts at zero luminance/lightness and by their uncertain applicability for colors brighter than diffuse white. To address HDR applications, two new color spaces were recently proposed by Fairchild and Wyble: hdr-CIELAB and hdr-IPT. They are based on replacing the power-function nonlinearities in CIELAB and IPT with more physiologically plausible hyperbolic functions optimized to most closely simulate the original color spaces in the diffuse reflecting color domain. This thesis presents the formulation of the new models, evaluations using Munsell data in comparison with CIELAB, IPT, and CIECAM02, two sets of lightness-scaling data above diffuse white, and various possible formulations of hdr-CIELAB and hdr-IPT to predict the visual results.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Brightness perception; Color vision; Photography--Digital techniques--Evaluation; Imaging systems--Image quality
Department, Program, or Center
Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)
Chen, Ping-hsu, "Scaling lightness perception and differences above and below diffuse white and modifying color spaces for high-dynamic-range scenes and images" (2011). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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