Although clinical reports of the predictive validity of the Emotional Indicators (El's) of the Bender-Gestalt Test (BGT) have been presented, objective research supporting these claims have been limited. This study investigated the validity of the El's on the BGT in predicting maladaptive behaviors of 23 elementary school children referred for psychoeducational evaluation. Several of the El's were related to the behavior factors of the Devereux Elementary School Behavior Rating Scale (DESBRS). Although projective implications of some El's were supported by their regression on DESBRS factors, few strong relationships were found. Implications and suggestions for future research will be discussed.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Bender-Gestalt Test--Validity--Research; Personality tests for children--Validity--Research; Psychological tests for children--Validity--Research
Department, Program, or Center
Department of Psychology (CLA)
Torch, Jeffrey, "The Predictive validity of the Bender-Gestalt test emotional indicators" (1997). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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