The quality of a building is greatly influenced by the design of its facades. Essentially, it serves as a barrier between an interior area and the outside environment. This implies that the façade serves as a conduit for communication between the activities going] on within and outside the building. Façade design has an impact on the appearance of a structure, and consequently on the perception of its users. The adoption of Kinetic façades may dramatically reduce energy consumption in buildings, which accounts for around one-third of total energy consumption worldwide. This thesis will investigate a computational technique to improve building energy efficiency based on the design of kinetics on a building façade that can alter its thermal and visible transmittance for dynamically shifting climatic conditions. The kinetic façade design approach is powered by an automated optimization approach that combines building energy modeling software with an optimization strategy using a parametric design program. This thesis will examine case studies of buildings with kinetic facades that are controlled by automated control systems and the impact that this has on the building's performance and attain the plausibility of this system working in Rochester. The conclusion of the thesis will attempt to illustrate whether these façade systems and techniques may be applied to the buildings in Rochester to improve daylighting and increase building performance by regulating solar gain. Finally, the study aims at incorporating dynamic facades into buildings as an environmental management system in order to create a sustainable design and achieve excellent energy efficiency in buildings.
Department, Program, or Center
Julius J. Chiavaroli
Dennis A. Andrejko
Ray-Offor, George, "Exploring the Efficacy of Kinetic Facades in a Northern Climate [Rochester, NY]" (2022). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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