The use of body-worn camera (BWC) technology in the criminal justice system has brought with it new ways of handling cases and effecting interactions between police officers and citizens. BWC use in the criminal justice system begins when the cameras are turned on and depending on circumstances, the captured footage may become valuable evidence to then be entered into court for trials. Amongst the studies of BWC, two criminological theories have stood out the most. Deterrence theory and self-awareness, both provide explanation towards what kind of power and influence BWC has over officers, citizens, and court actors. The first is how individuals, both officers and citizens, decide against certain actions due to the high likelihood of being caught due to the presence of BWC. The second, with how self-aware individuals become when under the scope of observation, to then engage in behavior that they see as the standard for society.
Criminal Justice (MS)
Department, Program, or Center
Department of Criminal Justice (CLA)
Santoro, Joseph, "Body-Worn Cameras (BWC): The Sword and Shield for Defense Attorneys" (2022). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
RIT – Main Campus