Abstract

Traditional indoor localization techniques that use Received Signal Strength or Inertial Measurement Units for dead-reckoning suffer from signal attenuation and sensor drift, resulting in inaccurate position estimates. Newly available Ultra-Wideband radio modules can measure distances at a centimeter-level accuracy while mitigating the effects of multipath propagation due to their very fine time resolution. Known locations of fixed anchor nodes are required to determine the position of tag nodes within an indoor environment. For a large system consisting of several anchor nodes spanning a wide area, physically mapping out the locations of each anchor node is a tedious task and thus makes the scalability of such systems difficult. Hence it is important to develop indoor localization systems wherein the anchors can self-calibrate by determining their relative positions in Euclidean 3D space with respect to each other. In this thesis, we propose two novel anchor self-calibrating algorithms - Triangle Reconstruction Algorithm (TRA) and Channel Impulse Response Positioning (CIRPos) that improve upon existing range-based implementations and solve existing problems such as flip ambiguity and node localization success rate. The localization accuracy and scalability of the self-calibrating anchor schemes are tested in a simulated environment based on the ranging accuracy of the Ultra-Wideband modules.

Publication Date

10-2021

Document Type

Thesis

Student Type

Graduate

Degree Name

Computer Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Computer Engineering (KGCOE)

Advisor

Tae Oh

Advisor/Committee Member

Andres Kwasinski

Advisor/Committee Member

Amlan Ganguly

Campus

RIT – Main Campus

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