Displays have undergone a huge development in the last several decades. From cathode-ray tube (CRT), liquid crystal display (LCD), to organic light-emitting diode (OLED), even Q-OLED, the new configurations of the display bring more and more functions into industry and daily life. In the recent several years, high dynamic range (HDR) displays become popular. HDR displays usually refer to that the black level of the display is darker and the peak being brighter compared with the standard dynamic range (SDR) display. Traditionally, the peak luminance level can be used as the "white" in characterization and calibration. However, for HDR displays, the peak luminance is higher than the traditional diffuse white level. Exploration of the perceptual diffuse white in HDR image when presented in displays is proposed, which can be beneficial to the characterizing and the optimizing the usage of the HDR display. Moreover, in addition to the ``diffuse white", 3D color gamut volume can be calculated in some specific color appearance models. Calculation and modeling of the 3D color gamut volume can be very useful for display design and better characterizing display color reproduction capability. Furthermore, the perceptional color gamut volume can be measured through psychophysical experiments. Comparison between the perceptional color gamut volume and the theoretical 3D gamut volume calculations will reveal some insights for optimizing the usage of HDR displays. Another advantage of the HDR display is its darker black compared with the SDR display. Compared with the real black object, what level of black is `perfect' enough in displays? Experiments were proposed and conducted to evaluate that if the HDR display is capable of showing ``perfect" black for different types of background images/patterns. A glare-based model was proposed to predict the visual ``perfect" black. Additionally, the dynamic range of human vision system is very large. However, the simultaneous dynamic range of human vision system is much smaller and is important for the fine tuning usage of HDR displays. The simultaneous dynamic range was measured directly for different stimulus sizes. Also, it was found that the simultaneous dynamic range was peak luminance level dependent. A mathematical model was proposed based on the experimental data to predict the simultaneous dynamic range. Also the spatial frequency effect of the target pattern on the simultaneous dynamic range was measured and modeled. The four different assessments about HDR displays perception would provide experimental data and models for a better understanding of HDR perception and tuning of the HDR display.
Color Science (Ph.D.)
Mark D. Fairchild
Michael J. Murdoch
Jiang, Fu, "High Dynamic Range (HDR) Display Perception" (2021). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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