In the current pharmaceutical world, cold-chain shipment becomes one of the most important distribution methods. The most widely used cold-chain package is the insulation box that distributed by UPS or FedEx. This study used FedEx Ground Shipping method as the distribution carrier, to measure the temperature inside the insulation box and outside the box, also to estimate the ambient temperature and compare them to see the temperature changing trends; also, to compare the internal temperature and external temperature to see if there is any equilibrium temperature reached during the shipment, and if there is any delay of temperature change. There were no products contained within the container during the shipments but only the sensors. There were two sensors attached on the box per shipment. One sensor was attached outside of the corrugated shipper for the purpose of recording the ambient temperature during the shipment, especially the temperature change on the delivery truck. The other sensor was placed in the insulated container for the purpose of recording the temperature change due to shipment location change. The ambient temperature was extracted from a website that recorded the temperature within hours at each location, this is used only as comparison to see the overall temperature changing trending and if there are any outliers.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Packing for shipment--Testing; Packaging--Thermal properties; Cold storage--Testing
Department, Program, or Center
Packaging Science (CET)
Zeng, Bingzhi, "Temperature Profiles Inside and Outside of an Insulated Packaging Container during the FedEx Ground Shipping Environment" (2020). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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