In recent years, obesity and health problems have increased among children in China because they participate in fewer physical activities than in previous years. The reasons for this change include academic overload, the increased number of students, and the limited amount of open space in cities. It has, therefore, become important to encourage students to engage in more outdoor exercise. Children aged 7 to 12 are considered primary school age in China. They spend most of the day at school, where physical activity opportunities should be provided. Architectural design can help improve the quality of spaces by laying them out efficiently and by making them appropriate size.
This thesis proposes a redesign of an existing school typical of those found in urban China. The design demonstrates how to increase the opportunities for physical activity by means of architectural intervention. The design focuses on increasing outdoor activity spaces and multi-use spaces, as well as shortening walking routes from the classrooms to the outdoors. The integrated solution will help reduce growing health issues among Chinese children.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Elementary schools--China--Design; School buildings--China--Design; School children--China--Health and hygiene; Exercise for children--China
Department, Program, or Center
Julius J. Chiavaroli
Dennis A. Andrejko
Wu, Dan, "Primary School Space Design in the City of Beijing: A Design Demonstration That Promotes the Physical Well-being of Children" (2020). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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