Millimeter-wave interconnects for intra- and inter-chip transmission and beam steering in NoC-based multi-chip systems
The primary objective of this work is to investigate the communication capabilities of short-range millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communication among Network-on-Chip (NoC) based multi-core processors integrated on a substrate board. To address the demand for high-performance multi-chip computing systems, the present work studies the transmission coefficients between the on-chip antennas system for both intra- and inter-chip communication. It addresses techniques for enhancing transmission by using antenna arrays for beamforming. It also explores new and creative solutions to minimize the adverse effects of silicon on electromagnetic wave propagation using artificial magnetic conductors (AMC). The following summarizes the work performed and future work.
Intra- and inter-chip transmission between wireless interconnects implemented as antennas on-chip (AoC), in a wire-bonded chip package are studied 30GHz and 60 GHz. The simulations are performed in ANSYS HFSS, which is based on the finite element method (FEM), to study the transmission and to analyze the electric field distribution. Simulation results have been validated with fabricated antennas at 30 GHz arranged in different orientations on silicon dies that can communicate with inter-chip transmission coefficients ranging from -45dB to -60dB while sustaining bandwidths up to 7GHz. The fabricated antennas show a shift in the resonant frequency to 25GHz. This shift is attributed to the Ground-Signal-Ground (GSG) probes used for measurement and to the Short-Open-Load (SOLT) calibration which has anomalies at millimeter-wave frequencies. Using measurements, a large-scale log-normal channel model is derived which can be used for system-level architecture design. Further, at 60 GHz densely packed multilayer copper wires in NoCs have been modeled to study their impact on the wireless transmission between antennas for both intra- and inter-chip links and are shown to be equivalent to copper sheets. It is seen that the antenna radiation efficiency reduces in the presence of these densely packed wires placed close to the antenna elements. Using this model, the reduction of inter-chip transmission is seen to be about 20dB as compared to a system with no wires. Lastly, the transmission characteristics of the antennas resonating at 60GHz in a flip-chip packaging environment are also presented.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Networks on a chip--Reliability; Millimeter wave communication systems; Multichip modules (Microelectronics); Interconnects (Integrated circuit technology); Wireless communication systems
Department, Program, or Center
Gill R. Tsouri
Narde, Rounak Singh, "Millimeter-wave interconnects for intra- and inter-chip transmission and beam steering in NoC-based multi-chip systems" (2020). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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