Abstract

Autonomous agents in any environment require accurate and reliable position and motion estimation to complete their required tasks. Many different sensor modalities have been utilized for this task such as GPS, ultra-wide band, visual simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) SLAM. Many of the traditional positioning systems do not take advantage of the recent advances in the machine learning field. In this work, an omnidirectional camera position estimation system relying primarily on a learned model is presented. The positioning system benefits from the wide field of view provided by an omnidirectional camera. Recent developments in the self-supervised learning field for generating useful features from unlabeled data are also assessed. A novel radial patch pretext task for omnidirectional images is presented in this work. The resulting implementation will be a robot localization and tracking algorithm that can be adapted to a variety of environments such as warehouses and college campuses. Further experiments with additional types of sensors including 3D LiDAR, 60 GHz wireless, and Ultra-Wideband localization systems utilizing machine learning are also explored. A fused learned localization model utilizing multiple sensor modalities is evaluated in comparison to individual sensor models.

Publication Date

5-2020

Document Type

Thesis

Student Type

Graduate

Degree Name

Computer Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Computer Engineering (KGCOE)

Advisor

Raymond Ptucha

Advisor/Committee Member

Amlan Ganguly

Advisor/Committee Member

Clark Hochgraf

Campus

RIT – Main Campus

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