Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) sub-5µm thin-films deposited using NanoJet and inkjet printing techniques will be presented. PZT, a perovskite ferroelectric ceramic, possesses both electrical and mechanical properties making it well suited for sensor and actuator applications. Large-scale and additive manufacturing of PZT deposition is currently unobtainable. A novel PZT sol-gel, therefore, comprised of an alkoxide mixture, was adapted for printing. Polyethylene glycol (PEG, 200MW) was discovered to be a superior film forming aid to the PZT sol-gel composite. PEG was added to the PZT composite to prevent film cracking upon gelation and thermal sintering. A powder-based sample of the PZT sol-gel was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), and Raman Spectroscopy. The Raman spectra displayed wavelength peaks around 200cm-1, 400cm-1, and 800cm-1 which indicated the desired 52/48 PZT molar ratio composite. The PZT sol-gel was printed into a thin-film using NanoJet and inkjet printing onto a cleaned stainless-steel substrate. The thin-film was thermally sintered at 700oC, and quenched in liquid nitrogen, to produce a defect-free thick film. The sub-five micron thick PZT films exhibited ferroelectric properties. This work begins to show a forward pathway for the larger scale manufacturing of device applications, such as concussion sensors, pressure sensors, and aerospace products.

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Chemistry (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

School of Chemistry and Materials Science (COS)


Scott Williams

Advisor/Committee Member

Michael Coleman

Advisor/Committee Member

Denis Cormier


RIT – Main Campus