Teachers face several challenges when presenting fundamental concepts of programming in the classroom. Several tools are introduced to give a visual dimension to support the learning process. They rely on code blocks, easily manipulated in a plug and play fashion, to build a program. These block-based tools intend to familiarize students with programming logic, before diving into text-based programming languages such as Java, Python, etc. However; when transitioning from block-based to text-based programming, students often encounter a gap in their learning. The student may not be able to apply block-based foundations in a text-based environment. To bridge the gap between both environments, we developed a hybrid-based learning approach. We found that on average a hybrid-based approach increases the students understanding of programming foundations, memorization, and ease of transition by more than 30% when compared to a block-based to text-based learning approach. Finally, we provide the community with an open source, hybrid-based learning tool that can be used by students when learning programming concepts or for future studies.
Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit
Department, Program, or Center
Software Engineering (GCCIS)
Hussein Alrubaye, Stephanie Ludi, and Mohamed Wiem Mkaouer. 2019. Comparison of block-based and hybrid-based environments in transferring programming skills to text-based environments. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering (CASCON '19). IBM Corp., USA, 100–109.
RIT – Main Campus