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This paper is the fourth paper in a series of papers that analyzed results from a major damage assessment study that examined challenges products endure during shipping and handling in the mixed-load and less-than-truckload (LTL) logistics environments. The previous three papers are specific to various commodities, such as televisions, appliances, furniture, machinery, doors and windows, and paint products. These products are known to represent high levels of freight damage and corresponding claims to carriers. Products of different sizes and weights are loaded into trailers using various methods both mechanical and manual, by various algorithms to best weigh or cube out a trailer efficiently. However improper loading and lack of load securement inside the trailer can result in damage to both packages and the products they contain, and can lead to subsequent injury during unloading. The paper discusses improperly loaded trailers, and recommends proper loading methods. In addition choice of good pallets and unitization methods is discussed. It also presents US Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations to secure loads for transport. It also presents requirements to meet Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR).
Singh, Paul; Singh, Jay; Antle, John; Topper, Erin; and Grewal, G.
"Load Securement and Packaging Methods to Reduce Risk of Damage and Personal Injury for Cargo Freight in Truck, Container and Intermodal Shipments,"
Journal of Applied Packaging Research: Vol. 6:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.rit.edu/japr/vol6/iss1/6