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Random vibration tests for packages are conducted to confirm the safety of these packages during shipping. In our previous study, a method of generating the random vibration controlling the power spectral density and kurtosis of acceleration and the kurtosis of velocity was proposed. The aim of the present study is to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. Three vibrations were generated in this study and compared with the real vibration, which replicates the truck bed. In the first case, control of the acceleration and velocity kurtosis was neglected. In the second case, the vibration controlling the acceleration kurtosis was considered. The third case corresponded to the vibration controlling both the acceleration and velocity kurtosis generated by the proposed method. In the present study, an aluminum plate simulating the product was fixed to a table for evaluating the vibrations. The natural frequency of the plate was varied by varying the mass of the weight placed on the plate. The relative displacement of the plate was calculated from the difference between the readings of two laser displacement meters. The vibrations were evaluated via the root mean square, kurtosis, and skewness of the relative displacements of the plate. Kurtosis and skewness of the relative displacement of the proposed method were similar to those of the real vibration. However, the kurtosis and skewness of the other generated vibrations were far from those of the real vibration. Results provided experimental verification that the kurtosis of velocity is an important factor for random vibration tests.
Nakai, Daichi and Saito, Katsuhiko
"Experimental verification on the effectiveness of random vibration testing with controlling acceleration and velocity kurtosis,"
Journal of Applied Packaging Research: Vol. 13:
2, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholarworks.rit.edu/japr/vol13/iss2/2