Remotely sensed infrared images are often used to assess wildland ¯re conditions. Separately, ¯re propagation models are in use to forecast future conditions. In the Dynamic Data Driven Application System (DDDAS) concept, the ¯re propagation model will react to the image data, which should produce more accurate predictions of ¯re propagation. In this study we describe a series of image processing tools that can be used to extract ¯re propagation parameters from multispectral infrared images so that the parameters can be used to drive a ¯re propagation model built upon the DDDAS concept. The method is capable of automatically determining the ¯re perimeter, active ¯re line, and ¯re propagation direction. A multi-band image gradient calculation, the Normalized Di®erence Vegetation Index, and the Normalized Di®erence Burn Ratio along with several standard image processing techniques are used to identify and constrain the ¯re propagation parameters. These ¯re propagation parameters can potentially be used within the DDDAS modeling framework for model update and adjustment.
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Department, Program, or Center
Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)
A.E. Ononye, A. Vodacek, E. Saber Automated extraction of fire line parameters from multispectral infrared images Remote Sens. Environ., 108 (2007), pp. 179-188
RIT – Main Campus