The study of factor analytic models often has to address two important issues: (a) the determination of the “optimum” number of factors and (b) the derivation of a unique simple structure whose interpretation is easy and straightforward. The classical approach deals with these two tasks separately, and sometimes resorts to ad-hoc methods. This paper proposes a Bayesian approach to these two important issues, and adapts ideas from stochastic geometry and Bayesian finite mixture modelling to construct an ergodic Markov chain having the posterior distribution of the complete collection of parameters (including the number of factors) as its equilibrium distribution. The proposed method uses an Automatic Relevance Determination (ARD) prior as the device of achieving the desired simple structure. A Gibbs sampler updating scheme is then combined with the simulation of a continuous-time birth-and-death point process to produce a sampling scheme that efficiently explores the posterior distribution of interest. The MCMC sample path obtained from the simulated posterior then provides a flexible ingredient for most of the inferential tasks of interest. Illustrations on both artificial and real tasks are provided, while major difficulties and challenges are discussed, along with ideas for future improvements.
Department, Program, or Center
The John D. Hromi Center for Quality and Applied Statistics (KGCOE)
Fokoue, E. (2009). Bayesian computation of the intrinsic structure of factor analytic models. Journal of Data Science 7(3), 285-311.
RIT – Main Campus