Machining is always accompanied by many difficulties like tool wear, tool breakage, improper machining conditions, non-uniform workpiece properties and some other irregularities, which are some of major barriers to highly-automated operations. Effective tool condition monitoring (TCM) system provides a best solution to monitor those irregular machining processes and suggest operators to take appropriate actions. Even though a wide variety of monitoring techniques have been developed for the online detection of tool condition, it remains an unsolved problem to look for a reliable, simple and cheap solution. This research work mainly focuses on developing a real-time tool condition monitoring model to detect the tool condition, part quality in machining process by using machine learning techniques through sound monitoring.

The present study shows the development of a process model capable of on-line process monitoring utilizing machine learning techniques to analyze the sound signals collected during machining and train the proposed system to predict the cutting phenomenon during machining. A decision-making system based on the machine learning technique involving Support Vector Machine approach is developed. The developed system is trained with pre-processed data and tested, and the system showed a significant prediction accuracy in different applications which proves to be an effective model in applying to machining process as an on-line process monitoring system. In addition, this system also proves to be effective, cheap, compact and sensory position invariant. The successful development of the proposed TCM system can provide a practical tool to reduce downtime for tool changes and minimize the amount of scrap in metal cutting industry.

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Mechanical Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Mechanical Engineering (KGCOE)


Rui Liu

Advisor/Committee Member

Patricia Iglesias

Advisor/Committee Member

Raymond Ptucha


RIT – Main Campus