Both commercial and military industries incorporate the use of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). In the case of the military, a stationary object, such as a bunker or tunnel, can be detected. Even high-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) and twodimensional (2D) imagery of energy reflected by the target and its surrounding environment can be produced. This is accomplished using multiple scene perspectives inherent in advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) techniques. Although underground target detection can be successful, the return data, usually suffers a significant degree of signal degradation due to the ground medium and target composition. A valid theoretical target model must account for adverse affects such as specular and diffuse reflections, dispersion and attenuation in order to provide an accurate representation of the simulated GPR scenario. It is the aim of this thesis to demonstrate the benefits of a high fidelity GPR target model. Demonstrated in the model is the ability to record estimative return power as a function of multiple variables including frequency, target depth, target composition, ground medium, complex antenna patterns, and transmitted power. Using ray-tracing, a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF), and 3D geometric analysis, the specular and diffuse reflective and refractive sub-surface energy interactions known to take place for a spatially complex target are simulated. Results culminate in the comparison of 3D and 2D imagery generated using this target model with imagery generated using previous models.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ground penetrating radar--Mathematical models; Three-dimensional imaging; Remote sensing--Data processing
Department, Program, or Center
Electrical Engineering (KGCOE)
Parker, Lonnie, "Enhancements of a three dimensional target model for deep ground penetrating radar systems" (2006). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
RIT – Main Campus