In many practical control problems the dynamics of the plant to be controlled are nonlinear. However, in most cases the controller design is based on a linear approximation of the dynamics. One of the reasons for this is that, in general, nonlinear control design methods are difficult to apply to practical problems. The State Dependent Riccati Equation (SDRE) control approach is a relatively new practical approach to nonlinear control that has the simplicity of the classical Linear Quadratic control method. This approach has been recently applied to control experimental autonomous air vehicles with relative success. To make the SDRE approach practical in applications where the computational resources are limited and where the dynamic models are more complex it would be necessary to re-examine and streamline this control algorithm. The main objective of this work is to identify improvements that can be made to the implementation of the SDRE algorithm to improve its performance. This is accomplished by analyzing the structure of the algorithm and the underlying functions used to implement it. At the core of the SDRE algorithm is the solution, in real time, of an Algebraic Riccati Equation. The impact of the selection of a suitable algorithm to solve the Riccati Equation is analyzed. Three different algorithms were studied. Experimental results indicate that the Kleinman algorithm performs better than two other algorithms based on Newton’s method. This work also demonstrates that appropriately setting a maximum number of iterations for the Kleinman approach can improve the overall system performance without degrading accuracy significantly. Finally, a software implementation of the SDRE algorithm was developed and benchmarked to study the potential performance improvements of a hardware implementation. The test plant was an inverted pendulum simulation based on experimental hardware. Bottlenecks in the software implementation were identified and a possible hardware design to remove one such bottleneck was developed.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Nonlinear control theory; Algorithms; Drone aircraft--Control systems; Drone aircraft--Dynamics--Mathematical models
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Katsev, Sergey, "Streamlining of the state-dependent Riccati equation controller algorithm for an embedded implementation" (2006). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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