This study considered rhythmic performance of rescue breathing by trained emergency responders and lay persons. Participants were asked to complete rescue breathing in 10 different scenarios. Such scenarios were intended to evaluate the effects of target rhythms and distractors on the responder's ability to administer rescue breathing ventilations at the appropriate rate and rhythm, in accordance with the standards established by the American Red Cross (2011). Current research concerning rhythmic performance with target and distractor rhythms suggests that auditory rhythms, whether target or distractor, have a greater influence on the motor behaviors of the human than visual rhythms. This research aimed to establish that with the aid of an auditory target rhythm, set to beat at the appropriate rescue breathing rate as set by the American Red Cross (2011), responders can more accurately administer rescue breathing and save lives. Therefore, this research will help support the development of an assistive medical device for more accurate administration of rescue breathing in real-world emergencies.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation--Technological innovations; Noise--Physiological effect; Distraction (Psychology); Medical instruments and apparatus
Department, Program, or Center
Slutsky, Brianna, "Rescue breathing in noisy environments" (2013). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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