This study examined the effectiveness of personality matching of high school mentors with elementary school mentees in an afterschool youth mentoring program. Study participants attended a Western New York school district including 20 mentors from grades 9 to 12, and 16 mentees from grades 4 to 6. Effectiveness was analyzed using three outcome measures: social connectedness, grade average, and school absences. Results showed evidence of iatrogenic effects for mentors. Mentors' performance declined in areas of social connectedness, school attendance, and grade average. Mentees did not have significant improvement in grade average and school attendance. Similar personality matched mentees displayed performance declines in all outcome measures over the length of the mentoring program. Dissimilar personality matched mentees had mixed results with improvements in grade average and school attendance, but declines in social connectedness. Results suggest that dissimilar personality matched mentees had better outcome improvements in grade average, school attendance, and social connectedness compared to similar personality matched mentees.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Youth--Counseling of--New York (State)--Case studies; Mentoring--New York (State)--Case studies; Personality--Social aspects
Department, Program, or Center
Department of Psychology (CLA)
Jolevski, Toni, "The Personality matching of mentors and mentees in a youth mentoring program" (2012). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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