In this paper we present the study of a two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal with all-angle negative refraction in its first band. Using this photonic crystal, we designed and fabricated a flat lens functioning as a cylindrical lens, by increasing the vertical dimension of the photonic crystal. Two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation validated negative imaging and sub-wavelength resolution. To perform the experiment, a microwave imaging system was built based on a vector network analyzer. Field distributions were acquired by scanning the imaging plane and object plane. The experiment demonstrated negative refraction imaging in both amplitude and phase, and verified sub-wavelength resolution.

Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit



Proceedings of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2005 Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Department, Program, or Center

Microsystems Engineering (KGCOE)


RIT – Main Campus