The global development of fuel cell based propulsion has emphasized larger vehicles, with most manufacturers demonstrating a car, van or truck. However, the transportation market in many countries is dominated by smaller two and three wheeled vehicles. A fuel cell motorcycle could replace two stroke scooters that proliferate emissions, as well as, their electric counterparts that require long recharges for short ranges, and also four stroke motorcycles. This paper is a review and assessment of literature relating to the design and analysis of hybrid electric fuel cell motorcycle engines. The engine design is intended for a specific demonstration motorcycle, but should be able to scale down to a scooter size, or be adapted to work in other small vehicles. The proton exchange membrane fuel cell system utilizes an ambient air blower, pure hydrogen storage in metal hydrides, a control system, active liquid cooling, a radiator, power conditioning and water management systems.
Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit
Department, Program, or Center
Microsystems Engineering (KGCOE)
English, Nathan and Shah, Ramesh, "Technology status and design overview of a hybrid fuel cell engine for a motorcycle" (2004). Accessed from
RIT – Main Campus