This study explores the career/achievement and family orientations of entrepreneurs - specifically the impact of sex and dependent child status. While a growing body of research has explored the similarities and uniqueness of women, none have explicitly analyzed entrepreneurs employing a career/achievement and family framework. Additionally, no studies have sought to explore the career/achievement and family orientations of female entrepreneurs with female non-entrepreneurs of similar backgrounds. Consequently, this research explores and compares the career/achievement and family orientations of female entrepreneurs with a group of female non-entrepreneurs with similar educational levels, ages, and work experience. It also compares the orientations of male entrepreneurs with a group of male non-entrepreneurs in order to both confirm existing literature and create a means to compare intra-female with intra-male career and family orientations. The analysis shows no statically significant differences in the career/achievement and family orientations of women entrepreneurs and similar female non-entrepreneurs. It also finds, confirming existing literature, that male entrepreneurs possess a greater career/achievement orientation as compared to male non-entrepreneurs.

Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit



This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:

DeMartino, R., Barbato, R. and Jacques, P. H. (2006), Exploring the Career/Achievement and Personal Life Orientation Differences between Entrepreneurs and Nonentrepreneurs: The Impact of Sex and Dependents. Journal of Small Business Management, 44: 350–368.

which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/j.1540-627X.2006.00176.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Department, Program, or Center

Accounting (SCB)


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