Based on the current state of CIECAM97s, there is a missing adjustment associated with a black-point unlike a white-point. As an attempt to improve the performance of CIECAM97s for color reproduction, six algorithms focusing on “black-point adaptation” were generated based on previous work on white-point adaptation methods and gamut mapping methods. The six algorithms were used to reproduce four original images targeted to four simulated hard-copy viewing environments that were only differentiated by their black-point settings. Then, the six algorithms were tested in a psychophysical experiment with 32 observers. As a result, linear lightness rescaling under the luminances of white and black of a specific setting was demonstrated to be the best color reproduction method across different black-point settings. The adapted black-point was defined as having the lowest lightness value with its default chromatic appearance correlates predicted by the current state of CIECAM97s under the input viewing environment and was reproduced accordingly with the same appearance correlates.
Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit
Department, Program, or Center
Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)
Park, Sun Ju and Fairchild, Mark, "Color reproduction using “Black-Point Adaptation”" (2001). Accessed from
RIT – Main Campus