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Polylactic acid (PLA) is becoming an increasingly important biopolymer for packaging applications. PLA brittleness limits its applicability. This study evaluated PLA properties with increasing amounts of added polyethylene glycol (PEG) plasticizer. Oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of cast films was determined using the newly available Dynamic Accumulation (DA) method. Arrhenius temperature sensitivity of OTR and polymer Permeability was also determined. Permeability of neat PLA is 4.848 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa; hence, 4.84 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa, 4.07 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa and 5.42 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa by adding PEG 1 %, 5% and 10% respectively. The main conclusion from this work is increasing PEG will enhance the PLA permeability number but excess PEG in PLA film will decrease the permeability number.
Yuniarto, Kurniawan; Welt, Bruce A.; PURWANTO, ARIS; Purwadaria, Hadi Karia; Abdellatief, Ayman; Sunarti, Titi C.; and Purwanto, Setyo
"Effect of Plasticizer on Oxygen Permeability of Cast Polylactic acid (PLA) Films Determined using Dynamic Accumulation Method,"
Journal of Applied Packaging Research: Vol. 6
, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarworks.rit.edu/japr/vol6/iss2/5