This study outlines the life cycle of digitally printed marketing and promotional materials, transactional and business communications, direct mail, and on-demand color books. For each of the stages of the life cycle, stresses that influence permanence are discussed. A methodology is laid out to test the key variables determining the life expectancy of digitally printed products.
Frey, Franziska; Christensen, Henrik; and DiSantis, Nicholas, "Permanence of toner on paper-Based on the life cycle of documents" (2006). Accessed from
Department, Program, or Center
Printing Industry Center (CIAS)
RIT – Main Campus