The productivity of the printing industry in terms of real sales per employee has been growing at an annualized rate of 1.9% for more than a decade. The National Association for Printing Leadership (NAPL) reports that the industry is lagging when compared to the average productivity growth of 4% from the non-durable manufacturing industries (2004). Many possible reasons for this lag are presented, but the main causes are the inefficiencies of the print production system when analyzed as a whole. Technology within the printing industry has improved dramatically; however, its implementation usually delivers localized improvements with marginal effects on the whole system. Printers are too focused on the productivity of specific equipment and not enough on the overall throughput of the system.
Uribe, Jorge, "Print productivity: A System dynamics approach" (2008). Accessed from
Department, Program, or Center
Printing Industry Center (CIAS)
RIT – Main Campus