In the 1990s, there was an explosion of experimental technical assistance programs at the national, state and local levels. These programs were designed to promote pollution prevention and compliance with environmental regulations. Encouraging the adoption of environmentally friendly technologies in small firms, however, has been difficult. The goals of this paper are to examine how environmental programs for small businesses in the U.S. have evolved over the past two decades and to begin to explore the effectiveness of these programs from the perspective of small companies. The authors would like to thank the participants in this research project, as well as the Printing Industry Center (CIAS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology for supporting this work.

Publication Date


Document Type

Full-Length Book


A Research Monograph of the Printing Industry Center (CIAS) at RIT

Department, Program, or Center

Printing Industry Center (CIAS)


RIT – Main Campus