The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Image Generation (DIRSIG) model has been developed at the RochesterInstitute of Technology (RIT) for over a decade. The model is an established, first-principles based scene simulationtool that has been focused on passive multi- and hyper-spectral sensing from the visible to long wave infrared (0.4 to 14 µm). Leveraging photon mapping techniques utilized by the computer graphics community, a first-principles based elastic Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) model was incorporated into the passive radiometry framework so that the model calculates arbitrary, time-gated radiances reaching the sensor for both the atmospheric and topographicreturns. The active LIDAR module handles a wide variety of complicated scene geometries, a diverse set of surface and participating media optical characteristics, multiple bounce and multiple scattering effects, and a flexible suite of sensormodels. This paper will present the numerical approaches employed to predict sensor reaching radiances andcomparisons with analytically predicted results. Representative data sets generated by the DIRSIG model for a topographical LIDAR will be shown. Additionally, the results from phenomenological case studies including standard terrain topography, forest canopy penetration, and camouflaged hard targets will be presented.

Publication Date



"Time-gated topographic LIDAR scene simulation," Proceedings of Laser Radar Technology and Applications X, SPIE volume 5791. The International Society of Optical Engineers. Held in Orlando, Florida: March 2005. Copyright 2005 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. The authors also wish to thank Norman Lopez, William Cook, Raymond Lines and James Michel of ITT Industries, Space Systems Division, Rochester, NY and MIT Lincoln Laboratories for their contributions to this effort.ISSN:0277-786X Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


RIT – Main Campus