These guidelines provide an overview of the many issues involved in generating visual data that can be used to evaluate the performance of colour-appearance models. the three main sections of these guidelines outline the parameters that must be evaluated and controlled in experimental setups for colour-appearance experiments, suggested psychophysical techniques for gathering the data, and some suggested techniques for data analysis. Experimental parameters addressed include models to be tested, illumination conditions, background and surround conditions, types of stimuli to be used, and issues relating to viewing technique. the psychophysical techniques of magnitude estimation, matching, and direct model testing (paired comparison) are described. Data analysis techniques for the evaluation of colour-appearance scales, corresponding-colours data, and model performance scales are suggested.

Publication Date



This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article:

Fairchild, M. D. (1995), Testing colour-appearance models: Guidelines for coordinated research. Color Res. Appl., 20: 262–267.

which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1002/col.5080200410. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


RIT – Main Campus