We have undertaken an ambitious program to visually classify all galaxies in the five CANDELS fields down to H < 24.5 involving the dedicated efforts of over 65 individual classifiers. Once completed, we expect to have detailed morphological classifications for over 50,000 galaxies spanning 0 < z < 4 over all the fields, with classifications from 3 to 5 independent classifiers for each galaxy. Here, we present our detailed visual classification scheme, which was designed to cover a wide range of CANDELS science goals. This scheme includes the basic Hubble sequence types, but also includes a detailed look at mergers and interactions, the clumpiness of galaxies, k-corrections, and a variety of other structural properties. In this paper, we focus on the first field to be completedâ€”GOODS-S, which has been classified at various depths. The wide area coverage spanning the full field (wide+deep+ERS) includes 7634 galaxies that have been classified by at least three different people. In the deep area of the field, 2534 galaxies have been classified by at least five different people at three different depths. With this paper, we release to the public all of the visual classifications in GOODS-S along with the Perl/Tk GUI that we developed to classify galaxies. We present our initial results here, including an analysis of our internal consistency and comparisons among multiple classifiers as well as a comparison to the SÃ©rsic index. We find that the level of agreement among classifiers is quite good (>70% across the full magnitude range) and depends on both the galaxy magnitude and the galaxy type, with disks showing the highest level of agreement (>50%) and irregulars the lowest (<10%). A comparison of our classifications with the SÃ©rsic index and rest-frame colors shows a clear separation between disk and spheroid populations. Finally, we explore morphological k-corrections between the V-band and H-band observations and find that a small fraction (84 galaxies in total) are classified as being very different between these two bands. These galaxies typically have very clumpy and extended morphology or are very faint in the V-band.
Department, Program, or Center
School of Physics and Astronomy (COS)
Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; Mozena, Mark; Kocevski, Dale; McIntosh, Daniel H.; Lotz, Jennifer; Bell, Eric F.; Faber, Sandy; Ferguson, Harry; Koo, David; Bassett, Robert; Bernyk, Maksym; Blancato, Kirsten; Croton, Darren; Dahlen, Tomas; Bournaud, Frederic; Cassata, Paolo; Castellano, Marco; Cheung, Edmond; Conselice, Christopher J.; De Mello, Duilia F.; DeGroot, Laura; Donley, Jennifer; Guedes, Javiera; Grogin, Norman; Hathi, Nimish; Hilton, Matt; Hollon, Brett; Koekemoer, Anton; Liu, Nick; Lucas, Ray A.; Martig, Marie; McGrath, Elizabeth; McPartland, Conor; Mobasher, Bahram; Morlock, Alice; O'Leary, Erin; Peth, Mike; Pforr, Janine; Pillepich, Annalisa; Rosario, David; Soto, Emmaris; Straughn, Amber; Telford, Olivia; Sunnquist, Ben; Trump, Jonathan; Weiner, Benjamin; and Wuyts, Stijn, "CANDELS Visual Classifications: Scheme, Data Release, and First Results" (2015). The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 221 (1), 11. Accessed from
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