We conclude that Katz's proposal (anisotropic heat reflection off of the back of the spacecraft high-gain antennae, the heat coming from the RTGs) does not provide enough power and so can not explain the Pioneer anomaly.

Publication Date



Also archived at: arXiv:gr-qc/9906112 v1 29 Jun 1999 This work was supported by the Pioneer Project, NASA/Ames Research Center, and was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA. P.A.L. and A.S.L. acknowledge support by a grant from NASA through the Ultraviolet, Visible, and Gravitational Astrophysics Program. M.M.N. acknowledges support by the U.S. DOE and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.ISSN:1079-7114 Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

School of Physics and Astronomy (COS)


RIT – Main Campus