What is color appearance, and how does it relate to digital color imaging? Color appearance is, as the name suggests, the study of how a given color stimulus is perceived by a human observer. While seemingly straightforward at first glance, color appearance is governed by the extraordinarily complex human visual system. How a stimulus appears is a function of many variables, ultimately including the spectral properties of the stimulus and the light source it is viewed in, the size, shape, and spatial properties and relationships of the stimulus, the background and surround, observer experience, and the adapted state of the observer.

Publication Date



Article may be found at: http://www.cis.rit.edu/fairchild/PDFs/PAP13.pdfISBN:084930900XNote: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type

Book Chapter

Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


RIT – Main Campus