A radioimmunoassay for measuring free thyroxine in plasma was introduced by Amersham using a I-125-labeled T4 derivative that does not bind significantly to the thyroxine-binding proteins. We evaluated this RIA for its clinical utility in assessing 278 patients with thyroid and nonthyroidal diseases. The precision of the Amerlex free T4 assay, expressed as coefficient of variation, was 20% at 0.16 ng/dl, 6.9% at 0.55 ng/dl, 4.2% at 1.08 ng/dl, 5.3% at 2.29 ng/dl, and 6.3% at 3.18 ng/dl. A reference range for free T4 was established as 0.68-1.8 ng/dl, n = 171. The correlation coefficients (r) of a dialysis method and a free thyroxine index were 0.871 and 0.911, respectively. Free T4 correctly classified 98% euthyroid, 92% hypothyroid, 100% hyperthyroid, 100% euthyroid with elevated TBG, and 87% of phenytoin patients. In addition, 80 patients with acute nonthyroidal illness were studied. Most of these patients have normal to low free T4, very low T3, and elevated rT3. We found this free T4 assay to be precise, easy to perform, and reliable in classifying thyroid status in most patients.

Publication Date



Article may be found at: http://jnm.snmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/24/6/498 ISSN:0161-5505 Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Thomas H. Gosnell School of Life Sciences (COS)


RIT – Main Campus