The cytoplasmic fractions obtained from Bacillus subtilis strains W168 and WB2802 catalyzed reductive release of iron from the ferric chelate of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (ferri-DHB), the ferrisiderophore produced by B. subtilis. Ferrisiderophore reductase activity may insert iron into metabolism. This activity required a reductant (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate was preferred), was oxygen sensitive, and was stimulated by flavin mononucleotide plus certain divalent cations. The cytoplasmic fractions also reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol; this reaction was stimulated by flavin mononucleotide plus a divalent cation. Ferri-DHB and 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol reductase activities were copurified by phosphocellulose and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose chromatography. Nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified material revealed that both ferri-DHB and 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol reductase activities were located in a protein band at Rf 0.75. The chromatographic procedures purified a reductase known to be associated with two aromatic biosynthetic enzymes, chorismate synthase and dehydroquinate synthase. Therefore, a portion of the ferrisiderophore reductase activity in B. subtilis may be catalyzed by a reductase that also is essential for aromatic biosynthesis.
Department, Program, or Center
Thomas H. Gosnell School of Life Sciences (COS)
Journal of Bacteriology 148N2 (1981) 527-533
RIT – Main Campus