Abstract

The cytoplasmic fractions obtained from Bacillus subtilis strains W168 and WB2802 catalyzed reductive release of iron from the ferric chelate of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (ferri-DHB), the ferrisiderophore produced by B. subtilis. Ferrisiderophore reductase activity may insert iron into metabolism. This activity required a reductant (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate was preferred), was oxygen sensitive, and was stimulated by flavin mononucleotide plus certain divalent cations. The cytoplasmic fractions also reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol; this reaction was stimulated by flavin mononucleotide plus a divalent cation. Ferri-DHB and 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol reductase activities were copurified by phosphocellulose and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose chromatography. Nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified material revealed that both ferri-DHB and 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol reductase activities were located in a protein band at Rf 0.75. The chromatographic procedures purified a reductase known to be associated with two aromatic biosynthetic enzymes, chorismate synthase and dehydroquinate synthase. Therefore, a portion of the ferrisiderophore reductase activity in B. subtilis may be catalyzed by a reductase that also is essential for aromatic biosynthesis.

Publication Date

1981

Comments

Article may be found at: http://jb.asm.org/cgi/reprint/148/2/527 This research was supported by Public Health Service grant GM 23778 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.ISSN:1098-5530 Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type

Article

Department, Program, or Center

Thomas H. Gosnell School of Life Sciences (COS)

Campus

RIT – Main Campus

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