We formulate and evaluate weighted least squares (WLS) and ordinary least squares (OLS) procedures for estimating the parametric mean-value function of a nonhomogeneous Poisson process. We focus the development on processes having an exponential rate function, where the exponent may include a polynomial component or some trigonometric components. Unanticipated problems with the WLS procedure are explained by an analysis of the associated residuals. The OLS procedure is based on a square root transformation of the "detrended" event (arrival) times - that is, the fitted mean-value function evaluated at the observed event times; and under appropriate conditions, the corresponding residuals are proved to converge weakly to a normal distribution with mean 0 and variance 0.25. The results of a Monte Carlo study indicate the advantages of the OLS procedure with respect to estimation accuracy and computational efficiency.
Department, Program, or Center
Industrial and Systems Engineering (KGCOE)
Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation, vol. 67, pp. 75-108, 2000
RIT – Main Campus